Analysis on the Current Situation in Chile to Support the Implementation of the Escazú Agreement in the Country

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Result of Service The objective of this assignment is to contribute to the establishment of guidelines, main criteria, and general stages to advance in the full and effective implementation of the Escazú Agreement, through a first analysis document of the current situation that Chile has for the fulfilment of the commitments assumed in the Agreement, and also to identify potential challenges and opportunities to advance in its full implementation. This analysis may then contribute to the preparation of a participatory Plan for national analysis and implementation of the Agreement in Chile. Specific responsibilities of this consultancy are listed below.

Responsibilities of the consultant will include the following activities: Support the development of an analysis document on the situation in Chile regarding the pillars of the Agreement where recommendations, gaps, challenges, opportunities, and priorities are established, as well as responsible entities and relevant actors related, and future efforts.

The work may contribute to: - Generate key inputs to initiate institutional support in Chile with the implementation of the Agreement in the short, medium, and long term. - Map the key actors to advance in the implementation of the Agreement at local and national levels. - Create and strengthen capacities of the public sector and other interested parties. - Identify areas for the collaboration of the United Nations in Chile. - Serve as inputs for a possible joint strategy of UN agencies in Chile regarding the demands and opportunities arising after the report.

Consultant responsibilities include, but are not limited to: a) Develop a compilation of documents related to the different areas of action of the Escazú Agreement, from various sources and in the various processes towards the ratification of the Agreement, which allow setting the bases in the country in terms of regulations, relevant practices, and institutional capacities, among others. b) Conduct interviews with qualified actors to gather opinions of key counterparts regarding the Agreement. There must be a methodological guideline that implies preparing a first consultation strategy design and carrying out the pertinent consultations with political, academic, civil society and private sector. c) Submit a final document analyzing the current situation in Chile for the fulfillment of the commitments assumed in the Agreement that incorporates the previous points, highlights the main identified challenges and opportunities and, in addition, makes a series of recommendations based on the findings. d) Mapping of key actors to advance in the implementation of the Agreement at the national and local levels. e) Support the organization of a seminar with key actors in Chile for the presentation of the document and feedback. f) Design a training proposal on the main elements to consider for the implementation of the Agreement in Chile, focused on national relevant groups.

Outputs: Research, data compilation and delivery of digital documents.

Deliverables: Product No.1 comprising: Workplan for the conduction of the consultancy that will include a design for the basic structure of the final document, the chapters to be incorporated, bullet points with key ideas, and a first design of ideas for consultation.

Product No.2 comprising: - Report of progress including a mapping of actors, resources and supporting material. - Agenda that will facilitate the organization of a webinar, which contains a definition of the purpose, organization of panels and event panelists. - First design for a training proposal.

Product No.3 comprising: - A report of the analysis document. It will consider the interviews carried out, the review of studies and the analysis compiled as inputs for its preparation and will include a series of recommendations for the implementation of the Agreement. - A report on the webinar held in October. - Final training proposal on the main elements to consider for the implementation of the Agreement in Chile will complement this deliverable, along with recommendations for the implementation of the Agreement.

Work Location Home-based.

Expected duration Three (3) months.

Duties and Responsibilities The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the leading global environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda, promotes the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system and serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment.

The UNEP Latin America and the Caribbean Office (LACO), located in Panama City, works closely with the 33 countries of the region and its activities are integrated into the Medium-Term Strategy and the Programme of Work approved by the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA).

Legal and institutional frameworks are key mechanisms for environmental management at the national and regional levels. They provide the structures to set up standards, manage and regulate the environment in terms of developing legal approaches and in mandating various environmental institutions to take up their roles to implement, monitor and achieve environmental compliance. Although countries have over the years put in place national environmental legislation and related institutions, assistance to develop and strengthen their national environmental legislation and institutional capacity to implement environmental law is still required.

Strengthening the institutional capacity of developing countries, and in particular, Small Island Developing States (SIDS) to develop and implement environmental actions including environmental legislation in response to their national environmental management needs is one of the core functions of UNEP and a strong tool for enabling countries to address environmental concerns and to develop and implement environmental laws. In this regard, UNEP´s Environmental Governance Sub programme aims to strengthen the capacity of countries to develop and enforce laws and strengthen institutions to achieve internationally agreed environmental objectives and goals and comply with related obligations.

In this regard, UNEP supports the efforts of Governments to design and implement specific programmes and to formulate legal means to address environmental and sustainable development issues as well as to comply with relevant international environmental standards and obligations, including through legal technical assistance, training and other legal capacity-building activities. Strategic direction in this respect comes from the Fifth Programme for the Development and Periodic Review of Environmental Law (Montevideo Programme V) adopted by the United Nations Environment Assembly under resolution 4/20 in March 2019, as an intergovernmental programme designed to promote the development and implementation of environmental rule of law, strengthen the related capacity in countries, and contribute to the environmental dimension of the 2030 Agenda.

On 4 March 2018, the Latin American and Caribbean region made history when it adopted the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Public Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean, at Escazu, Costa Rica. It aims to ensure the right of all persons to have access to information in a timely and appropriate manner, to participate significantly in making the decisions that affect their lives and their environment, and to access justice when those rights have been infringed. Since then, 24 countries have signed, and 13 countries have ratified the Agreement, which entered into force on April 22, 2021. The first meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 1) was held In Santiago, Chile, in which States Party reaffirmed the treaty as a driving force for sustainable development and a crucial governance tool for the development of better public policies in the region, with a view to ensure a healthy environment for present and future generations.

The UNEP Latin America and the Caribbean Office via its Sub-Programme on Environmental Governance it is recruiting a consultant for the development of an analysis to support the implementation of the Agreement in Chile with the aim of identifying potential challenges and opportunities, and strengthening national and local capacities. Chile passed the Agreement on June 13, 2022, becoming the thirteenth State Party to the Regional Agreement.

The consultant will work from home and shall report to the UNEP Environmental Governance Regional Coordinator, who will supervise the tasks and deliverables of this consultancy.

Qualifications/special skills Academic Qualifications: Advanced university degree (master’s or equivalent) in law or social sciences is required. A bachelor’s degree in combination with additional 2 years of the relevant work experience required may be accepted in lieu of the advanced university degree.

Experience: - At least seven (7) years of professional experience in areas related to environmental law, international relations, human rights, or social sciences. - Experience in the study of public international law and in the implementation of Multilateral Agreements on the Environment in the region is preferred. - Work experience on environmental rights, right to participation, public information and access to justice is required.

Language: Fluency in Spanish and basic knowledge of English are required.

Skills: - Proven experience in the implementation and/or coordination of research processes, in the preparation of technical and analysis documents. - Solid expertise utilizing methodological and consultation tools, which implies multi-stakeholder coordination and consultation and/or participatory methodologies.


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